Dabney Family of Early Virginia
Cornelius Dabney (b 1630) and his descendants
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Cornelius Dabney, II

Male Abt 1686 - 1764/65  (~ 79 years)


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  • Name Cornelius Dabney, II 
    Suffix II 
    Born Abt 1686  New Kent County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 1764/65  Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I462  Dabneys of Virginia
    Last Modified 19 Jan 2017 

    Father Cornelius Dabney, I,   b. Dec 1631, Bucknall, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1693/94, New Kent County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years) 
    Mother Susannah (__),   d. Abt 1722 
    Married Aft 1678 
    Family ID F317  Group Sheet

    Family 1 (__) (__),   d. Bef Apr 1721 
    Married Bef 1713 
    Children 
     1. Cornelius Dabney, III,   b. Abt 1713, New Kent County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1763/64, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years)
     2. William Dabney,   b. Abt 1714, New Kent County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1782  (Age ~ 67 years)
     3. John Dabney,   b. Abt 1715, New Kent County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1771, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years)
    Last Modified 23 Jun 2011 
    Family ID F320  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Sarah Jennings 
    Married 17 Apr 1721  Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Children 
     1. Mary Dabney,   b. Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1762, Albemarle County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Elizabeth Dabney,   d. Bef 1803
     3. Frances (Fanny) Dabney,   b. 1733,   d. Bef 24 Aug 1806  (Age < 73 years)
     4. Anne Dabney,   b. Abt 1733, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1809, Hanover County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years)
     5. (Unknown) Dabney
     6. (Unknown) Dabney
    Last Modified 5 Jul 2017 
    Family ID F318  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Cornelius Dabney II was born to Cornelius Dabney I and his second wife, Susannah (__) about 1686 in New Kent County in the area that later became Hanover County.
      He married his first wife, whose name is unknown, before 1713. They had three children: Cornelius, William, and John, who were named in his will. W. P. Anderson estimated their birth dates as 1713, 1714, and 1715. .
      Cornelius’ first wife died before April, 1721, when he remarried to Sarah Jennings. They had six daughters: Mary; Elizabeth; Frances (Fanny); Anne (Anna); and two additional daughters whose forenames have not been found.
      Cornelius first appeared in St. Paul’s parish records in March, 1721, when the vestry assigned him to a road maintenance crew. He continued to be given similar parish tasks until 1737. In 1733, he was one of the appraisers of an estate. In 1734, he witnessed a will and a deed and in 1735 he was mentioned as an adjoining land owner in a deed.
      He participated in processioning, the legally required quadrennial perambulation of land boundaries by neighbors to ensure mutual agreement, from 1727 to 1763. He was ill or otherwise indisposed in 1747, when his son John was assigned to take his place. In the Hanover County Quit Rent Roll of 1763, he was listed with 123 acres, which seems rather low, but he was past 70 and his sons, John, Cornelius Jr., and William, were credited with 140, 150, and 150 acres, respectively, which he may have given them. A possible source of the last two farms may have been Charles Hudson’s bequest of 300 acres to Cornelius Dabney in his will of 1745 on part or all of which Cornelius’s son William was already farmng. The reasons for the gift are unclear, but Hudson was a close neighbor of Cornelius from 1727-1747 and had claimed more than 7400 acres in eight patents, and so was relatively land rich.
      Cornelius died about 1764/65. The record of the 1768 processioning in St. Paul’s Parish stated that Cornelius Dabney was deceased, and his son John took his place. Cornelius’ will was destroyed with most of the Hanover County records during the Civil War, but a private copy of it was re-recorded in the Hanover records December 22, 1868, by William Winston Dabney of King William County. The original will was signed November 5, 1764, and proved in Hanover County Court February 7, 1765. He left to William 150 acres, four slaves, and all his wearing apparel. To John, he left one slave, his saddle, his gun, and his home plantation after his wife Sarah’s death. Because Cornelius, died within the year before the will was written, he stated that the 150 acres and a slave that he had intended to leave Cornelius should be sold and the proceeds divided among Cornelius’ children, who were not named.
      To the husband of his deceased daughter Mary, Christopher Harris, he lent (meaning the bequest could not be sold or given by will) one female slave and her children to be distributed to Christopher and Mary’s children after Christopher’s death. He gave his wife Sarah various furniture, a horse and saddle, two cows and calves, two slaves, and the occupancy of the house until her death. John, who was to receive Cornelius’ home farm and one of the two slaves left to Sarah after Sarah’s death was required to distribute £90 among his sisters, Elizabeth Maupin, Frances (Fanny) Maupin, and Ann Thompson. Any residual of the estate was to be divided among Elizabeth, Frances, and Ann. Cornelius left nothing to his two unnamed daughters married to Matthew Brown and William Johnson, but in a codicil, he left token bequests of one shilling to each of the two sons-in-law, suggesting a rift between Cornelius and the two daughters and sons-in-law.
      After the death of Cornelius II, his widow, Sarah, went to live with her daughter Frances and her husband, John Maupin, in Madison County, Kentucky, where she lived to an advanced age.
      W. H. Dabney’s Sketch of the Dabneys of Virginia states that Cornelius left large tracts in Spotsylvania County, but this writer’s search in the Spotsylvania Deed Indexes, which go back to 1722, found no Dabneys before 1817. The book also confused Cornelius Dabney II, son of Cornelius I, who lived in Hanover County, with Cornelius Dabney of King William County, who was a son of James Dabney, the eldest son of Cornelius I, and one of the four 1701 Dabney patentees in King William County. As a consequence, the first two children attributed to Cornelius II in the book are completely wrong and in their place should be the John, Cornelius, and William described above. The six daughters attributed to Cornelius II are confirmed by other sources. [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19]

  • Sources 
    1. [S48] p. 22..

    2. [S660]

    3. [S210]

    4. [S354]

    5. [S1237]

    6. [S356]

    7. [S356] The order of Cornelius’ daughters is consistent with his will but may not be correct..

    8. [S212] pp. 101-148..

    9. [S1602]

    10. [S1350] P. 51, 57, 58..

    11. [S212] pp. 270-413..

    12. [S1361]

    13. [S393] p. 29..

    14. [S1055]

    15. [S212] see processioning records in index..

    16. [S96] see Charles Hudson in index..

    17. [S212] p. 453..

    18. [S38] p. 143..

    19. [S212]