Dabney Family of Early Virginia
Cornelius Dabney (b 1630) and his descendants
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1  Gwathmey, Hannah Temple (I51)
2  Cooper, Rev. Thomas (I187)
3  Maupin, Daniel Jr. (I474)
4  Maupin, John (I476)
5  Anderson, Capt. William (I483)
6  Minor, John (I585)
7  Harris, Thomas (I850)
8  Jones, Foster (I1571)
9  Herndon, Joseph (I1969)
10  Rodes, Clifton (I2035)

1810 census, Madison, KY, George Shackelford, M 3 0-9, 1 16-25, 1 26-44; F 1 0-9, 2 16-25, 1 26-44, 10 slaves
1810 census, Gloucester, VA, George Shackelford, M 1 0-9, 1 45+; F 1 16-25, 1 45+
1810 census, Laurens, SC, George Shackelford, M 2 0-9, 1 10-15, 1 26-44; F 2 0-9, 1 26-44
1810 census, King & Queen, VA, George D. Shackelford, M 1 0-9, 1 16-25, 1 26-44; F 3 0-9, 1 26-44, 1 45+
1810 census, Mason, KY, George Shackelford, M 3 0-9, 2 16-25, 1 26-44; F 3 10-15, 2 16-25, 1 26-44
1820 census, St. Stephens, King and Queen, VA, George D. Shackelford, M 1 10-15, 1 45+; F 4 0-9, 1 10-15, 1 16-25, 1 26-44, 1 45+ 
Shackelford, William (I304)

Birth & death 1750 &1767, source 151 
Smith, Elizabeth (I68)
Gwathmey Dabney, the youngest child of William and Philadelphia Dabney, was probably born between 1762 and 1767 in King William County, Virginia.
He married Elizabeth Maddox June 15, 1786, in Goochland County. They had 6 children: Sarah, James, John, Nancy, Elizabeth, and Mordecai. Very little has been found concerning their children
In the month of his marriage, he opened an account at William Winston’s store in Goochland, which he continued for a year. Over his lifetime, he appears to have been somewhat peripatetic, perhaps partly because he did not inherit any land from his father’s estate as his older brothers did. The details of the deeds to his brothers’ inherited land suggest that they may have contributed toward a compensatory fund for him.
In 1787, he obtained 418 acres in Goochland County from Thomas Pollock, probably by lease, since deeds for its purchase and sale could not be found. He continued to pay taxes on it through 1790, but was listed as a non-resident landowner during the last two years. He moved to King William County and paid personal property taxes there during 1792. He was not listed again in King William until 1800, where he remained until 1807. By 1809, he had moved to Middlesex County, where he was listed in the land tax list as a co-owner (or co-taxpayer) of 727.5 acres with Robert Dabney of Gloucester County. This Robert Dabney has not been identified and may be a tax commissioner’s entry error. In 1810, his partner’s name changed to James Dabney of Gloucester County, probably Dr. James Dabney, son of Major George Dabney III of King William County. He continued to be listed in the Middlesex land tax list through 1813, but moved during 1812 or 1813 to King William County, where he witnessed 2 deeds March 1 and 2, 1812 and was listed in the King William personal property tax lists for 1813 - 1815, after which his tax entry changed to Gwathmey Dabney estate charged to his widow, Elizabeth Dabney, indicating his death in 1815/16. He did not leave a will. Elizabeth continued in the King William personal property tax list through 1825, indicating that she probably died in 1825/26 or moved out of the county to live with one of her children elsewhere.
It has not been possible to find records of the lives of Gwathmey and Elzabeth’s children except for James, whose data is sparse. 
Dabney, Gwathmey (I55)
In the 1850 census, she was 35 and living in King William County with Catherine Simpkin also 35.

Listed in KWC PP tax, 1850 through 1855, in KWC land tax, 1854 through 1856.

In 1855, she was listed in the KWC land tax list with Sarah Turner and Julia Turner under John H. Burch (probably the husband of a sister), 500 acres, valuation $3,3000, George Turner estate. 
Turner, Louisa (I1133)
15 (See Anthony Haden Biog File)
Anthony Haden’s first land sale in Albemarle Co. was in 1774 (may be an earlier Anthony).
Anthony Haden’s first land purchase in Albemarle Co. was in 1793. With wife Anna, he then sold it in 1794. No other deeds in Albemarle.

Anthony and Drusilla had 6 children between 1768 and 1778, Janey, Betsey R., John, Turner R., Henley, and Rebecca
Anthony and Mary had 2 children between 1782 and 1783: James C. and Richard D.
Anthony and Anna had 3 children between 1788 & 1793 
Haden, Anthony (I1060)
16 (See MIller, p. 268) Harris, Lucy (I2068)
17 After his first wife Sarah’s death, James remarried to Polly (Mary) Lee May 4, 1814. They had 10 children: (birth years estimated from ages in 1850 and later censuses), Elizabeth, born about 1813, married Stephen B. Miller August 15, 1846, living in Ohio County, Kentucky, in 1850, probably died before 1860, when Stephen was listed alone; Mary (Nancy), born about 1815, married John Todd September 26, 1830, lived iin Madison County, Kentucky, in 1850, probably died before 1860, when John was living with a different wife in Madison County; Sarah, born about 1821/22, married Franklin P. Glasgow November 24, 1840, then moved to Nodaway County, Missouri, where they were listed in the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses; Edward, born about 1824, living in Eldorado County, California, as a miner in 1850, married Eliza Swearingen in Nodaway County, Missouri, in 1855, who may be the Louise who was listed with him in the 1860 and 1870 censuses in Nodaway County; Ann, born about 1824, married John Lee, living in Madison County, Kentucky in 1850; (Search Madison Co. tax lists on order for John Lee) Richard W., born about 1824/25, married Minerva C. (___), living in McDonough County, Illinois, in 1850, tailor, elected a trustee of Macomb City in 1850, living in Kansas Territory in 1860; Lucinda, born about 1829, married Robert Elder June 22, 1841, living in Madison County, Kentucky, in 1850 census; Andrew, born about 1834, married Ellen L. Israel January 2, 1859, in Nodaway County, Missouri, where they were listed in the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses, Sarah Jane, born about 1835, married 1st Elijah Mercer March 12, 1863, in Nodaway County, Missouri, not found in 1870 census, married 2nd to Noah Lee October 19, 1876, Sarah and Noah in Nodaway in 1880 with Mary and Perry Mercer, aged 16 and 9, indicating Elijah Mercer was living in 1871, in 1900 Noah and Sally were 87 and 60 and living with Martha J. (Patsy) Stephenson, 80; and David, born about 1835, married Louisa Temple Griffith September 21, 1856, living Nodaway County 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, Louisa absentin 1880 and probably deceased.
James Stephenson first appeared in the Madison County, Kentucky, tax lists in 1787. In that year, he was taxed on 12 horses and no land. from 1789 through 1796, he was taxed on 14-38 horses, suggesting that he was raising horses for market. Until 1833 he does not appear to have purchased land, but rented it intermittently with the owners sometimes paying the taxes. About 1830, he acquired 250 acres and subsequently bought additional amounts until his death in 1847/48 when he was charged with 1,000 acres. During his later years, he kept about 7-14 horses.
James died in 1847/48.
(Need to check Madison Co. deed indexes for John Lee’s & James Stephenson’ s land purchases & sales, 
Lee, Polly (Mary) (I2087)
18 After the death of Cornelius II’s first wife, he remarried to Sarah Jennings April 17, 1721. They had six children, all daughters: Mary; Elizabeth; Frances (Fanny); Anne (Anna); and two additional daughters whose forenames have not been found. Jennings, Sarah (I463)
19 Agnes Carr was born in 1712 to Major Thomas Carr Jr. and Mary (Dabney) Carr of Caroline County, Virginia.
She married Col. John Waller Jr. of Spotsylvania County in 1730. He was born ca 1701 to Col. John and Dorothy (King) Waller of Endfield, King William County and later Newport, Spotsylvania County. From her father, Agnes inherited the Topping Castle farm, where John and Agnes lived for the rest of their lives. They had eight children: Mary, born October 22, 1730, married James Overton; Thomas, born July 29, 1732, married Sarah Dabney, a daughter of John and Anna (Harris) Dabney; Pomfrett, born January 20, 1747, married Martha Martin; Agnes, married Henry Goodloe Johnston; Ann, married James Bullock; Sarah, married Clifton Rodes of Albemarle County; Dorothy, married Thomas Goodloe; Elizabeth, married Edmund Eggleston of King William County.
John Waller was a vestryman in St. George’s Parish in Spotsylvania County in 1733 and sheriff in 1746. They lived on the Pamunkey River in Berkeley Parish
John died in 1776. In his will, dated February 6, 1776, and proved
April 18, 1776, he left his home farm to his wife, Agnes, and after her death to his eldest son, Thomas. To his other son, Pomfrett, he left 200 acres. He made additional bequests to his daughters, Mary, Agnes, Ann, Agnes, and Dorothy, granddaughters Agnes Waller and Agnes Carr Johnson, son-in-law James Bullock, and nephew John Lewis. Agnes died in 1779. 
Carr, Agnes (I530)
20 Agnes Waller was born to Col. John and Agnes (Carr) Waller , in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
She married ca 1757/58 Henry Goodloe Johnston Sr., a son of William Buford Johnston and his wife Mary of Spotsylvania County. They had ten children: Mary Johnston (1759-1788); John Waller Johnston (1762-1800), living in Nelson County, Kentucky, in 1794, died in Nelson County in 1800/1801, bequeathed 1799 acres of Millitary Land to his siblings; William Goodloe Johnston (1764-unknown) mentally disabled; Agnes Carr Johnston (1767-1840; Ann Key (Johnston) Childress (1769-1848); Dorothea Pomfrett Johnston (1771-1815); Thomas Buford Johnston (1774-1853, moved to Adair Co., KY in 1812; Sarah Dabney Johnston (1776-unknown); Stephen Henry Johnston (1779-1781); Henry Goodloe Johnston Jr. (1781-1871.
Henry was listed in the Spotsylvania personal property tax lists from 1782 (earliest available) through 1802 with about 5-12 slaves and 4-6 horses. In the land tax lists, he was charged with 380 acres from 1786 to 1792, which then decreased to 193 acres when he gave his eldest son, John Waller Johnston, 121 acres in 1793, then increased to 400 acres in 1801, part of which may have been rented. His son John’s will made in 1797 stated that Henry was mentally deranged when he gave John 121 acres in 1793. In 1803, his entries in both tax lists changed to Henry Johnston’s estate, indicating his death. He did not leave a will, and his estate was settled by an administrator. Agnes was named as the taxpayer for their personal property through 1821, when she probably died. She was listed in the 1810 census for Spotsylvania County with one adult male, two adult females, and one child. Henry’s land was taxed through 1805.
In 1794, Henry published a notice in the Virginia Herald and Fredericksburg Advertiser (vol. 7, June 26 1794, issue 369) warning the public not to trade with his wife because he would not pay any of her contracts. He added that she had taken up with another man with whom she was hiring an attorney to prove him a fool, put him in a mad house, and take away his hard-earned estate. No further evidence has been found concerning the outcome of this rift. 
Waller, Agnes (I1930)
21 Albert Gallatin Dabney was born to Cornelius and Elizabeth Smith (Winston) Dabney November 23, 1799, in Louisa County, Virginia.
He married Ann Eliza Catlett, a sister of his brother Cornelius’ wife, December 8, 1820. They had five children: Edwin Winston, born September 28, 1821; Thomas Catlett, born Septmber 20, 1823; Albert Smith, born 1825; Cornelius Isaac, born November 24, 1826; and John Temple, who died in childhood. Ann died between 1828, when her last child was born, and 1832, when Albert remarried to Elizabeth Eggleston Scates. They had eight children: Ann Maria, born about 1832/33; Elizabeth, born 1834/35; Juliette O., born 1836/37; Walter Scates, born 1838; William Spotswood, born 1840/41; Louisa V. born 1844; Joseph Whorton, born 1845/46; Robert Owen, born 1847/48.
Albert farmed in Louisa County and served in the militia, where he rose to the rank of Major, a title he carried for the rest of his life. In 1832 or 1833, when he was about 32/33, he migrated to Trigg County, Kentucky, where he was listed in the county tax list from 1833 through 1842. In 1843, he moved to neighboring Christian County and gave half of his Trigg land to his son Edwin W., who was listed until he moved to Texas in 1853. In the 1850 census, he was living in Christian County, Kentucky, aged 50, with land valued at $1,800. Albert continued to live in Christian County until 1855, when he died and his will was proved in Christian County Court. The will was written in 1844, marking him as an unusually prudent man, unlike the great majority of men who made their wills within a month or two of their deaths. It also suggests that he may have been experiencing some physical limitations when he moved from Trigg County to Christian County in 1843.
In his will, Albert listed the value of the gifts that he had given to the four sons of his first marriage and expressed his desire that his remaining assets should be divided to benefit all of his children as equally as possible. In the 1860 census, Elizabeth was living in Christian County, aged 74, with land valued at $8,000 and personal property valued at $29,620.
Another Albert Gallatin Dabney was born about 1803/04 to Humphrey Dabney of Richmond. Albert born in Louisa County was a grandson of William Dabney of King William County (1721/26-1767) and Albert of Richmond was a great-grandson of William, making them first cousins, once removed. 
Dabney, Albert Gallatin (I168)
22 Ann Dabney was born to Cornelius Dabney II and his wife, Sarah Jennings about 1733 in Hanover County, Virginia.
She was married to Nathaniel Thompson before October, 1764, when Cornelius mentioned his daughter, Anne Thompson, in his will. Nathaniel’s forename is identified in a Brown Family bible that reports a marriage to a daughter of Nathaniel and Anna Dabney Thompson. Cornelius gave one shilliing to each of three of his sons-in-law in a codicil to his will, but Ann’s husband was not included.
Nathaniel Thompson/Thomson was listed as a land processioner in St. Paul”s Vestry Book from 1759 to 1784. He purchased 33 1/2 acres from John Street in December, 1789. He was listed in the Hanover land tax rolls with 342 acres from 1783, the earliest available record, through 1804, after which, his entry changed to Nathaniel Thompson estate, indicating his death in the second half of 1804 or the first half of 1805. The estate entry continued through 1808, probably for the support of Ann and their children. In the personal property tax lists, he was charged with about 2-18 slaves and 3-6 horses. Another Nathaniel Thompson, who may have been a son appeared in 1803 with 200 acres and continued through 1824, when he was taxed on 866 acres. A daughter, Mary, married Bezaleel Brown. 
Dabney, Anne (I477)
23 Ann Dabney was born to George Dabney II and Ann Anderson Dabney after 1749 in King William County, Virginia.
She married George Dillard Sr. of King and Queen County. He was probably born ca 1735-41 in King and Queen County. They had at least one child, William Dillard.
George participated in the processioning of the boundaries of his and his neighbors’ lands from 1759 to 1775. In the pew holder list for Stratton Major Parish for 1767, he was given the title of “Dr.,” suggesting that he was a physician as well as a farmer. He was a vestryman in Stratton Major Parish from 1777 to 1780. He died before the 1782 tax lists were assembled and probably died in 1780/81. 
Dabney, Ann (I308)
24 Ann Henry was born to John and Sarah (Winston) Syme Henry, on the Studley farm in Hanover County, Virginia.
She married William Christian, who read law in her brother Patrick’s office in the 1760’s. He was born about 1743 in Staunton, Augusta County to Israel and Elizabeth (Starke) Christian. He was a noted Indian fighter, soldier, and politician. He was a militia officer in the Anglo-Cherokee War (1758-61) and in Dunmore’s war (1774). In 1776, he was appointed colonel in the 1st Virgiinia Regiment of the Continental Army, serving in eastern Virginia, but when the Cherokees commenced war again, he resigned the commission to become a colonel in the militia against the Cherokees on the western frontier. His efforts forced some chiefs to agree to peace and he was a commissioner in the following negotiations and treaty.
In addition to his military activities, He was a delegate to the House of Burgesses for two terms 1772-1776, a delegate to the first four Virginia Revolutionary Conventions, a representative to the House of Delegates in 1776, and a representative to the Senate for 5 terms between 1776 and 1783, representing Fincastle and Botetourt Counties.
He moved his family to Kentucky in 1785, where he played a major role in the establishment of Fort William, which later became the city of Louisville. He developed Bullitt Lick Salt Works, Kentucky’s first industry. He built one of the first stone houses in the state that later became a popular roadside tavern. He was one of the original trustees of Transylvania Seminary, which later became Transylvania University in Lexingtoon, Kentucky
He was killed April 9,1786, in a battle with an Indian raiding party near the site of modern day Jeffersonville, Indiana. His name is permanently memorialized in Christian Counties in Kentucky, Missouri, and Illinois. Ann died May 27, 1790 in Jefferson County, Kentucky. 
Henry, Ann (I752)
25 Ann Waller was born to Col. John and Agnes (Carr) Waller October 24, 1742, in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.
She was the second wife of James Bullock, born February 23, 1735 to Edward Bullock of Hanover County. They had six children: Waller, born 1774, died 1853, married first Ann Overton Burch, born 1788, second Maria (Logan)Todd, born 1788, was a Justice of the Peace and sheriff in Scott County, Kentucky; Agnes or Agatha, born 1776, married Robert Bullock, a cousin; Anne Waller, born 1780, married John Redd, son of Mordecai and Agatha (Minor) Redd; Elizabeth, married Thomas Minor Redd, June 20, 1805, married second Samuel Ware; Dorothy, born 1783, married 1805 Samuel Redd, born 1779, died 1859; and Martha (Patsy) Pomfrett, married 1814 Stapleton Crutchfield Burch. James’ first wife was Rebecca Wingfield. They had five children: Thomas, born 1766, died July 29, 1841, married 1st Lucy Redd December 25, 1790, in Woodford County, Kentucky, had 16 children; James, died young; Wingfield, married Nancy Bullock, lived at Shelbyville, Kentucky, postmaster, state legislator, U. S. congressman 1821, died 1821; Mildred, married George Winn, had five children; and Barbara, married Benjamin Wilson, had six children.
In the late 1750’s and early 1760’s, James Bullock served two tours in the Virginia Militia under Captain William Phililips in the French and Indian War. He inherited land in Louisa County from his father, Edward Bullock, about 1759/60. In the 1767 Louisa tax lists, he was charged with 244 acres. He and Rebecca sold their land in Louisa in 1768 and moved to adjacent Hanover County. Rebecca died between 1770, when she signed a dower release, and 1773, when James remarried to Ann Waller.
From 1782 to 1788, he was charged in the Hanover tax lists with 245 and 73 acres, 16-17 slaves, 5-9 horses, and 29-34 cattle. In 1786, he handled the settlement of his father’s estate as executor. He applied for a bounty land grant from the State of Virginia for his prerevolutionary military service and received a patent signed June 1, 1785, by Governor Patrick Henry for 2,000 acres in Fayette County, Kentucky, which was a very large area that was later divided into 56 counties with James’ parcel in Woodford County. In March, 1788, he and Nancy sold their farm of 245 acres in Hanover County for £200 and moved to Fayette County. From 1789 to 1811, he was recorded in the Fayette tax lists with 200 acres and occasional additional rented land. He probably sold or gave to relatives most of his bounty land. When the 1810 census was taken, James and Ann were living in Lexington, Fayette County, aged over 45 with a male 10-15 and a female 16-25. James died in June, 1813. His will was signed May 18, 1813 and proved July 1813. Among bequests to Ann and their children, he left £60 for several aged slaves. Ann died February 3, 1828. 
Waller, Ann (I1968)
26 Anna Dabney was born to John and Anna (Harris) Dabney ca 1746-50 in Hanover or Albemarle County.
She married Henry (Harry) Terrell in Hanover County ca 1769/70. He was probably born in Hanover County near the Pamunkey River to Joel and Sarah Elizabeth (Oxford) Terrell in 1730-32. Henry and Anna had ten children. Eight were born in Bedford County:: Mary (Polly), who died young; Joel, who later lived near his father in South Carolina and died in middle age; Robert Harris, who was shot accidentally about 1781; Edward Garland, who died at Tantown, VA, in 1797; John Dabney, born October 14, 1773, died 1850; Samuel Davis; Elizabeth Oxford, married David Mozeley of Georgia; and George Washington, who lived in Jackson County, Georgia, later Marion County, Alabama, married Millie Mozeley of Habersham County, Georgia. The two youngest were born in North Carolina: William Higgins, born 1784, died 1857 at Tuscaloosa, Alabama; and Ann Dabney, born after 1784, died before 1797. Henry’s wife Anna died after the birth of Ann and Henry remarried to Sarah Dyer, a daughter of his overseer. They had two children, Patsy and Henry.
Henry was executor of the estates of his father, Joel; his father-in-law, John Dabney; and John’s father, Cornelius Dabney II. Emma Dicken’s Terrell Genealogy states that he moved to Bedford County about 1766/67, but his first recorded land purchase in Bedford was dated in 1771 (month not visible).
Early in 1776, he organized a company of militia volunteers and in March entered active service in the Fifth Virginia Regiment. After about two years, he transferred to the Commissary Department. When his term of service there expired, he returned to militia service and was promoted to Major. He raised a new group of volunteers that with other recruits formed a regiment with Henry as Colonel. In 1780, they were sent to relieve Charleston, and in 1781 were at the siege of Yorktown, where Henry was severely wounded.
In late 1783 or early 1784, he moved to Guilford County, North Carolina, where county boundary changes shifted his land into Rockingham County, then Stokes County. Ann had two more children in North Carolina, William Higgins and Ann Dabney. The Stokes County tax rolls list Henry in 1790 (the earliest record available) and last in 1793, when he moved to South Carolina. There, he settled in Pendleton County, later Pickens County, where he bought 640 acres on Eastatoe Creek and 320 acres on Osbuoy Creek recorded in 1796.
His will was dated April 1797 and proved January 26, 1798. He left to Joel, his eldest son, the land on which he was then living, contingent on Joel paying $200 to Henry’s estate for distribution to other heirs. To his wife, Sarah, he lent six slaves, all the household furnishings, two horses, a saddle and bridle, and a wagon. He ordered that a 320 acre tract be sold and another piece of land be purchased near his farm to be lent to his wife for her support and after her death given to his two children with her, Henry and Patsy Terrell. He ordered that his land on Little Eastitoe and Crow Creeks be sold and the proceeds used for schooling for the youngest sons of his first marriage, Samuel, George W., and William H. The remainder of his estate to be divided among six of his first children, Edward G., John D., Samuel D., George W., William H., and Elizabeth O. As executors, he appointed Thomas, Peter, and David Terrell and Joel Richardson.
His son, John Dabney Terrell, described his father as having an “education of the common English, wrote a beautiful hand, had much more mind than acquirements, was strictly a confidential and business man, though not of the first order; his kindness of heart would not let him. His mental powers were of a sound grade, He was among the best of fathers that ever lived. His worst fault I've long very plainly seen was his indulgence to his children and everybody.”
Some of his descendants applied for bounty land grants based on his military service. For his service as a captain and major during the early part of the war, they received 4 warrants totalling 5333 acres in 1813 and for his service as a colonel in the later phase, they received 4 warrants totalling 3753 acres in 1851. 
Dabney, Anna (I682)
27 Anna Dabney was listed last in W. H. Dabney’s Sketch of the Dabneys of Virginia, but the gaps of four and five years between Lucy and Isaac and between Isaac and Henry make it more likely that she was born before or after Isaac. No other record of her has been found. The absence of information indicates that she probably died relatively early. Dabney, Anna (I28)
28 Anne Pettus was born to Stephen and Mary (Dabney) Pettus about 1728 in Hanover County, Virginia.
She married Martin Phillips of Caroline County about 1748. They had seven children: Mary, Sarah, Dabney, Anne (“Nancy”), Pettus, Elizabeth Turner, and William.
They lived in Caroline County until about 1765, when he bought 200 acres in Mecklenburg County and migrated there. He died about 1781 when his will was recorded. 
Pettus, Anne (I1541)
29 Anthony Strother was born to Francis and Susannah Strother ca 1731 (?) in Culpeper County, Virginia.
He married Frances Eastham, probably in Culpeper County. They had ten children: Robert, John, Nancy, Francis, William, Benjamin, Philip Eastham, Susannah, Catherine, and Mary.
They moved to Hardy County, West Virginia, where Anthony died ca 1800. 
Strother, Anthony (I1896)
30 Anthony Winston was born to Isaac Winston Sr. and his wife, Sarah (Dabney) Winston September 20, 1723, in Hanover County, Virginia.
He married Alice Thornton Taylor, daughter of James and Alice Thornton (Catlett) Taylor of Orange County February 29, 1747. They had five children and one adopted son: Sarah, born February 9, 1748; Anthony, born November 25, 1750; Alice, born March 20, 1753; Martha, born January 8, 1755; Mary, born March 6 or June 3, 1759; and Peter Francisco, born July 9, 1760, who was found abandoned on the wharf at Hopewell, Virginia, and was adopted by Anthony Winston. He grew to more than six feet tall, weighed about 250 pounds, and possessed extraordinary strength. He was a distinguished soldier during the Revolution and was recognized as a hero. Since 1911, Virginia has honored him annually on “Peter Francisco Day,” March 15.
Anthony became a judge in Buckingham County and represented the county in the House of Burgesses in 1765 and the House of Delegates in 1779. Between 1768 and 1775, he experienced financial difficulties due to loans to friends and acquaintances that defaulted. As a result, he was forced to sell three large tracts of land, including in 1775 his home farm called Huntington, which contained over 2000 acres, several hundred fruit trees, and a stocked fish pond. He died July 29, 1783.
As a brother of Sarah (Winston) Syme Henry, he was an uncle of Patrick Henry and as a brother of Lucy (Winston)Dabney Coles, he was a great uncle of Dolley/Dolly Madison. 
Winston, Judge Anthony (I718)
31 Behethland Strother was born to Francis and Susannah Strother in 1740 in Culpeper County, Virginia.
She married John Wallis in 1757 in Culpeper County. They had eight children: John Strother, born ca 1758; William; Susannah; Elizabeth; Frances; Robert; George; and Oliver.
John Wallis died in 1824 in Culpeper County. 
Strother, Behethland (I1898)
32 Benjamin Gwathmey Dabney was born to Richard and Diana (Gwathmey) Dabney about 1782/83. He witnessed a deed conveying Dublin Mill and 25 acres from Owen and Richard Dabney Jr. to their mother, Diana Dabney, in February 1804. Since deed witnesses in Virginia had to be over 16, his birth year could not be later than 1788. He was never listed in the personal property tax list as a taxable resident, which usually occurred when men reached 21 before 1787/88. It appears that he was so impaired that he was exempted from taxation and probably died fairly soon after 1804. Dabney, Benjamin Gwathmey (I25)
33 Born too late to be William Dabney in 1755-63 processioning or William Dabney in 1765 patent.
Went to North Carolina before _____? 
Dabney, William (I714)
34 Capt. Anthony Winston was born to Judge Anthony and Alice Thornton (Taylor) Winston November 25, 1750, in Hanover County, Virginia.
He married Kesiah Jones in 1776. Their children were Anthony, John Jones, William Henry, Joel W., Isaac, Edmund, Thomas J., Alice T., who married Gen. John Pettus, and Mrs. Jesse Jones.
Anthony studied law, but never practiced. Early in adulthood, he moved to Buckingham County, where he was a delegate to the Virginia Convention of 1775, which voted to arm the colony and virtually declared war on Great Britain. During the Revolution, he served in the militia and rose to the rank of captain. After the war, he served as county sheriff.
About 1800-1801, when he ceased to be listed in the Buckingham County personal property tax lists, he moved to Tennessee, where he bought 360 acres on Stoner’s Creek in Davidson County in March, 1802, and 20 more acres in October, 1802. He was listed in the tax rolls of adjoining Wilson County from 1804 to 1807. He sold 193 acres on Stoners Creek in December 1807. His son, William Henry, married Mary (Bacon) Cooper August 21, 1811 in Davidson County. Between 1810 and 1812, Anthony and his sons moved to Madison County in northern Alabama, which was the convergence point for new settlers seeking land recently surrendered by the local Indian tribes. The earliest land claim by the Winstons in the Huntsville, Alabama, land office was made by William H. Winston November 2, 1809, followed seven days later by his brother, John J. Winston. William and John J. were listed in the local census of Madison County, then part of Mississipi Territory, in 1811. Anthony, who may have been their brother or their father, made his first land claim in 1813.
During 1813 and 1814, conflicts between the settlers in northern Alabama and the local Indian tribes led to the Creek War of 1813-1814. Andrew Jackson, a general in the Tennessee militia, led a force of local volunteers to major victories that resulted in the cession by the Indian chiefs of 23,000,000 acres of land, roughly three-fifths of the present state of Alabama and one-fifth of Georgia. Anthony Winston’s sons, Anthony, John J., Joel W., and Isaac volunteered to serve in the militia during the conflict. William H. was selected in a family conference to be the best fitted to remain at home to watch over their families and farms. John H. was appointed a captain, Anthony a lieutenant, and Joel and Isaac privates in the Regiment of Cavalry and Mounted Gunmen, Tennessee Volunteers led by Col. John Coffee and Col. John Allcorn. The regiment participated in the battles at Tallushatchee and Talladega, 3 November and 9 November, 1813. It has not been possible to find records showing the dates of their service. However, Isaac’s widow’s pension application in 1879 contains an official document confirming his service for 3 months and 25 days from October 8, 1813, to February 1, 1814. His brothers may have served longer because some family traditions have claimed that they participated in the Battle of New Orleans, December, 1814, to January 8, 1815.
During the years 1809 to about 1825, Anthony and his older sons were active purchasers or assignees of numerous deeds in Madison, Limestone, Franklin, and Colbert Counties in North Alabama. At some point during this period, Anthony moved from Madison County to Franklin County, later Colbert County.
Anthony died in 1828 and is buried iin the Winston Family Cemetery between Tuscumbia and Sheffield in Colbert County, Alabama. One of his grandsons, John A. Winston, a son of William H. and Mary Winston, was Governor of Alabama from 1853-1857. 
Winston, Anthony (I1886)
35 Capt. George Dabney was born to Col. William Dabney of Aldingham and Ann Barrett Dabney in 1740 in Hanover County, Virginia. He was born and lived for the rest of his life on a farm called The Grove, where his father, William, lived before moving to Aldingham in the same county.
He married Elizabeth Price, daughter of John Price, a Welsh immigrant, and his wife, Mary Randolph, of the Cool Water farm in Hanover County. They had eleven children: John, born 1770; Nancy, born 1771-78; William, born 1774-84; Elizabeth Price, born 1776/77; George, born 1782/83; Chiswell, born 24 Jun 1791; Catherine M., born 1795; Mary; Maria; Lucy; Jane, the last four never married. The order of their birth varies in different sources.
Captain Dabney has been identified by several early sources as “of Dabney’s Legion,” the unit commanded by his brother, Col. Charles Dabney, in the Revolution. However, no records of his enlistment or receipt of a commission in that unit has been found through the Fold 3 or Ancestry data files or partial compilations such as F. B. Heitman’s Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army. He may have served as a county militia officer whose records have not survived or may have served as an unenrolled assistant to his brother Col. Charles Dabney of Dabney’s Legion.
According to the John Blair Dabney Manuscript, written by his grandson, he was superintendent of the extensive estates of General Thomas Nelson before and during the Revolutionary War. The manuscript describes his admirable personality and character at considerable length. He was a friend and strong supporter of Patrick Henry, who opposed adoption of the Constitution but played a major role in the inclusion of the Bill of Rights.
Elizabeth Price Dabney died in 1819 and Capt. George Dabney died in 1824 in Hanover County, Virginia. 
Dabney, Capt. George (I218)
36 Carr Maupin was born to John and Frances (Dabney) Maupin about 1776 in Albemarle County, Virginia.
He married Nancy Burch August 2, 1813, in Albemarle County, Virginia. She was born about 1774. Among their children were: Caleb, who moved to Putnam County, Indiana before 1850; James, who lived in Montgomery County; Sinthy/Cynthia, who married Mr. Adams; and Mary, who was living with her mother in the 1850 census.
Carr was listed in the Albemarle personal property tax rolls from 1807 through 1814. In the 1820 census, he was over 45 and listed with his wife and two children under 10 in Bath County, Kentucky. In the 1830 census, he was in Bath County aged 40-49 with his wife and six children. Before the 1840 census, he moved to neighboring Montgomery County where he was 50-59 and living with a male 10-14, four females 10-29, and a female (probably Nancy) 40-49. In the Montgomery County tax listsfor 1836-1845, he was listed in the Montgomery County tax lists with 50 acres, no slaves, and 1 horse. He died in 1845 and Nancy was listed in the 1850 census aged 76 and living in Montgomery County with her daughter Mary, 19. 
Maupin, Carr (I1725)
37 Cav&Pion., v.2, 125: James Trice was granted 226 acres in New Kent Co. 13 May 1673, pat.bk 6, p. 451. In 1704 rent list, he had 350 acres. Trice, James (I768)
38 Charles Dabney was born to Col. William Dabney of Aldingham and Ann Barrett Dabney in 1745 in Hanover County, Virginia.
He never married, but lived with his unmarried sister, Susannah, until she died in 1799.
His father died in 1773/74 and left him the Aldingham house, 100 acres attached to it in Hanover County, and 600 acres adjoining his cousin, James Dabney, on Cub Creek in Louisa County. In May, 1777, he exchanged the 600 acres with his brother, Samuel Dabney, for 250 acres on the Southanna River, probably adjoining and originally part of the Aldingham farm. In the Hanover land tax list for 1782 (the earliest surviving list), he was charged with 350 acres. In 1788, he purchased 211 acres from Benjamin Forsythe and his land increased to 561 acres and subsequently remained between 531 and 582 acres for the rest of his life.
His first involvement in the Revolution was in April, 1775 as captain of one of the Hanover County militia units that supported Patrick Henry in his effort to reclaim the gunpowder seized by Governor Dunmore, which ended with the payment of £330 in compensation to the colony. As the conflict progressed, his unit was called Dabney’s Legion and he was given a commission as a lieutenant colonel because the unit was larger than a company and smaller than a regiment. Just before the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse in June, 1778, he joined the Continental Army, which gave him a commission as a Colonel of the Virginia State Regiment which he held until 1781. After Monmouth, he spent the winter with his troops at Valley Forge. His troops participated in the Battle of Stony Point, New York, under General Anthony Wayne in July 1779. When Lafayette returned from France to America in 1780, Dabney’s troops were placed under his command and played an important role in blocking Cornwallis’ forces as they retreated northward after defeats in the South. Finally, the British were driven into retreat into Yorktown and ultimately surrender to the American and allied forces.
After Yorktown, Dabney’s troops were stationed at Portsmouth, then ordered to Hampton and Yorktown, where he was given command of the Virginia line until shortly before ratification of the peace treaty with Britain in April, 1783, after which the troops were disbanded by order of the Governor.
For his long services during the Revolution, he was awarded bounty rights to 6,666 acres iin Kentucky. Soon after the end of the war in 1783, he went to claim his bounty lands in Kentucky, then a sparsely settled and mostly wild southern extension of Virginia. He obtained four grants in the Kentucky Military District and one in Nelson County. Because he judged it unlikely that the local government would allow retention of the grants by nonresidents, he sold most of his lands to local settlers for modest amounts.
For several years after his return to Virginia, he advocated before the legislature the claims of revolutionary veteran officers for postwar compensation that had been promised them. Through a legal technicality, they were denied, which so angered Col. Dabney that he left Richmond with a vow never to return, which he honored for the rest of his life.
Afterward, he lived as a country gentleman on his farm in Hanover County for more than 40 years, accompanied by his sister Susannah until her death in 1799. He enjoyed the company of his relatives and neighbors during frequent visits and was generous to those who needed financial assistance. Although he was not active in politics, he was frequently consulted by those who were. Among his papers are warm personal letters from John Marshall, a congressman and later Chief Justice, and William Wirt, the longest-serving Attorney General of the United States.
Charles died December 15, 1829. In his will, he left his farm, Aldingham, to his nephew, Charles Dabney, son of Samuel Dabney, who assisted him greatly in managing his estate during his later years. He gave 10 shares of the Virginia and Farmers’ Bank of Richmond to each of thirteen of his nieces and grandnieces, 20 shares to his nephew, Chiswell Dabney, and 5 shares to a slave named York. Charles and Chiswell Dabney were named executors. 
Dabney, Col. Charles of Dabney’s Legion (I220)
39 Christ Church parish register says he was born 13 Mar 1771. Segar, Dr. John (I37)
40 Christopher Harris was born to Major Robert and Mourning (Glenn) Harris about 1725 in Albemarle County, Virginia.
He married Mary Dabney, a daughter of Cornelius and Sarah (Jennings) Dabney of Hanover County in 1745. They had seven children: Dabney, Sarah, Robert, Mourning, Christopher, Mary, and Tyre. Mary died and Christopher remarried to Agnes McCord about 1762. They had ten additional children, in their order in Christopher’s will, except for Overton, the youngest: John, Benjamin, William, Barnabas, James, Samuel, Jane, Margaret, Isabel, and Overton. All of Christopher’s children except Tyre and Margaret survived to adulthood, married, and had children.
Christopher obtained a patent for 350 acres in Louisa County January 12, 1746/47. In 1750, Christopher was one of three commissioners appointed by the Albemarle court to verify required improvements on a land patent. In 1751, he received three slaves as a gift from his father. In 1753, he received 331 acres from William and Margaret Keaton on the south fork of Rocky Creek in Louisa County, where he then was living in exchange for 400 acres given Keaton by Christopher’s parents, Robert & Mourning Harris. In May, 1762, Christopher sold the 331 acre tract to Samuel Karr of Augusta County for £65. In August 1764, he received a patent for 162 acres and in 1770 a patent for 234 acres, both in Albemarle County. From 1759 to 1767 and again in 1784, he participated in the quadrennial processioning of his and his neighbors’ boundary lines. In 1777 and 1778, Christopher was an overseer for Richard/Robert Anderson.
Christopher went from Albemarle County to Kentucky in 1779 and obtained two warrants for 1200 acres, which he entered in May, 1780 on Hinkston’s Fork of the Licking River above Riddles Station. He had surveys made in 1786, followed by a delayed patent signed by Governor Henry Lee in January, 1792. He was listed in the Albemarle personal property tax rolls from 1782 (earliest year available) through 1788 and during the last year his property was reduced about 50%, suggesting that he was already preparing for the move of his family and children to Kentucky.
In 1787 or 1788, he emigrated with a large number of his children, grandchildren, and other relatives to Madison County, Kentucky. During his early years in Madison County, Christopher bought several tracts of land and probably helped some of his children buy others. In 1792, he was elected one of the six overseers of the poor. In 1793, he was appointed coroner for the county by the Governor.
He signed his will February 20, 1794, died soon after, and the will was proved in court March 4, 1794. In the will, he left 7 slaves to the children of his first marriage to Mary Dabney, stating that this was in accordance with the will of Mary’s father, Cornelius Dabney, who bequeathed one female slave and her children to Christopher for his life and afterward to his children. He did not leave any of his land to his first group of children, probably because of assistance given them before his death. He left his house and home farm to his wife for her lifetime and afterward to his youngest son, Overton, who was only 12 in 1794 and would be expected to live with his mother and help with the farm. His remaining five slaves, household furnishings, farm utensils, and stock he left to her and after her death to the second children. He divided his land on Muddy Creek, giving the Drowning Creek land to John, the Sycamore Spring tract to Benjamin, the tract on which William had built a house to him, and the Holly tract to Barnabas. He directed that his remaining land in Albemarle County should be sold and the proceeds divided between James and Samuel with adjustment for equity with the other sons. To his three daughters, Jane Gentry, Margaret Harris, and Isabel Harris, he left sums of money that were greater for the two unmarried daughters, probably because they had not yet received marriage gifts. He appointed separate executors for the two groups of children.
Agnes Harris was living when the 1810 census was taken in Madison County, Kentucky. She was the head of her household, living with 3 males 16-25, 2 males 26-44, 1 female 16-25, 1 female 26-44, 1 female 45 and over and 10 slaves. According to the Find A Grave internet site, she died in 1815. 
Harris, Christopher (I880)
41 Cornelius and Sarah (Jennings) Dabney’s second youngest child was a daughter whose given name is unknown.
She married Matthew Brown, who is mentioned in Cornelius’ 1764 will with a bequest of one shilling. In the 1763 Rent Rolls for Hanover County, he was charged with 175 acres. Since he was not mentioned in St. Paul’s Parish Vestry Book, he was probably living in neighboring St. Martin’s Parish. His land was mentioned in a 1784 deed as an adjoining property, but he may not have been living if it was still part of his estate. He was not listed in the 1782 and later Hanover County land tax books. A Matthew Brown is also mentioned as a building contractor in Albemarle, Hanover, and Amherst Counties in Edgar Woods’ history of Albemarle County. With a partner, he built part of the University of Virginia. 
Dabney, (Unknown) (I479)
42 Cornelius and Sarah (Jennings) Dabney’s youngest child was born in Hanover County, Virginia, and may have been named Sarah.
She married William Johnson, who may have been the William Johnson who sold 200 acres in Hanover County to Robert Tenham in 1732 and whose wife Sarah relinquished her dower rights in June, 1734. A William Johnson, merchant, purchased 150 acres from Henry Power, gent. of James City County for £100 August 5, 1735. A William Johnson was also mentioned in 1735 as a land owner in a processioning record. In 1739, a William Johnson received a payment from St. Paul’s Parish Vestry. In May 1740, Francis Jerdone was mentioned in an Assembly act as the executor of Wiliam Johnson. From 1746 to 1751, the vestry made four payments for the care and burial of a William Johnson, probably a different man. Additional William Johnsons were mentioned in the processioning records from 1755 to 1779. A William Johnson, gent., was a vestryman from 1780-1784. 
Dabney, (Unknown) (I481)
43 Cornelius Dabney II was born to Cornelius Dabney I and his second wife, Susannah (__) about 1686 in New Kent County in the area that later became Hanover County.
He married his first wife, whose name is unknown, before 1713. They had three children: Cornelius, William, and John, who were named in his will. W. P. Anderson estimated their birth dates as 1713, 1714, and 1715. .
Cornelius’ first wife died before April, 1721, when he remarried to Sarah Jennings. They had six daughters: Mary; Elizabeth; Frances (Fanny); Anne (Anna); and two additional daughters whose forenames have not been found.
Cornelius first appeared in St. Paul’s parish records in March, 1721, when the vestry assigned him to a road maintenance crew. He continued to be given similar parish tasks until 1737. In 1733, he was one of the appraisers of an estate. In 1734, he witnessed a will and a deed and in 1735 he was mentioned as an adjoining land owner in a deed.
He participated in processioning, the legally required quadrennial perambulation of land boundaries by neighbors to ensure mutual agreement, from 1727 to 1763. He was ill or otherwise indisposed in 1747, when his son John was assigned to take his place. In the Hanover County Quit Rent Roll of 1763, he was listed with 123 acres, which seems rather low, but he was past 70 and his sons, John, Cornelius Jr., and William, were credited with 140, 150, and 150 acres, respectively, which he may have given them. A possible source of the last two farms may have been Charles Hudson’s bequest of 300 acres to Cornelius Dabney in his will of 1745 on part or all of which Cornelius’s son William was already farmng. The reasons for the gift are unclear, but Hudson was a close neighbor of Cornelius from 1727-1747 and had claimed more than 7400 acres in eight patents, and so was relatively land rich.
Cornelius died about 1764/65. The record of the 1768 processioning in St. Paul’s Parish stated that Cornelius Dabney was deceased, and his son John took his place. Cornelius’ will was destroyed with most of the Hanover County records during the Civil War, but a private copy of it was re-recorded in the Hanover records December 22, 1868, by William Winston Dabney of King William County. The original will was signed November 5, 1764, and proved in Hanover County Court February 7, 1765. He left to William 150 acres, four slaves, and all his wearing apparel. To John, he left one slave, his saddle, his gun, and his home plantation after his wife Sarah’s death. Because Cornelius, died within the year before the will was written, he stated that the 150 acres and a slave that he had intended to leave Cornelius should be sold and the proceeds divided among Cornelius’ children, who were not named.
To the husband of his deceased daughter Mary, Christopher Harris, he lent (meaning the bequest could not be sold or given by will) one female slave and her children to be distributed to Christopher and Mary’s children after Christopher’s death. He gave his wife Sarah various furniture, a horse and saddle, two cows and calves, two slaves, and the occupancy of the house until her death. John, who was to receive Cornelius’ home farm and one of the two slaves left to Sarah after Sarah’s death was required to distribute £90 among his sisters, Elizabeth Maupin, Frances (Fanny) Maupin, and Ann Thompson. Any residual of the estate was to be divided among Elizabeth, Frances, and Ann. Cornelius left nothing to his two unnamed daughters married to Matthew Brown and William Johnson, but in a codicil, he left token bequests of one shilling to each of the two sons-in-law, suggesting a rift between Cornelius and the two daughters and sons-in-law.
After the death of Cornelius II, his widow, Sarah, went to live with her daughter Frances and her husband, John Maupin, in Madison County, Kentucky, where she lived to an advanced age.
W. H. Dabney’s Sketch of the Dabneys of Virginia states that Cornelius left large tracts in Spotsylvania County, but this writer’s search in the Spotsylvania Deed Indexes, which go back to 1722, found no Dabneys before 1817. The book also confused Cornelius Dabney II, son of Cornelius I, who lived in Hanover County, with Cornelius Dabney of King William County, who was a son of James Dabney, the eldest son of Cornelius I, and one of the four 1701 Dabney patentees in King William County. As a consequence, the first two children attributed to Cornelius II in the book are completely wrong and in their place should be the John, Cornelius, and William described above. The six daughters attributed to Cornelius II are confirmed by other sources. 
Dabney, Cornelius II (I462)
44 Cornelius Dabney III was born to Cornelius Dabney II and his first wife, whose name is unknown, about 1714 in the part of New Kent County, Virginia, that later became Hanover County.
He probably married about 1732-38, but his wife’s name has not been found. However, the frequency with which the name Glenn was given to their grandchildren (Tyre Glenn Dabney, Sarah Glenn Dabney, and Frances Glenn Dabney) suggests that their grandmother may have been Sarah Glenn, who was mentioned as Sarah Dabney in James Glenn’s 1762 will.
Cornelius III had at least three sons who survived into adulthood: John, born about 1740; William, born about 1741; and Cornelius IV, born about 1742. The last is not mentioned in the incomplete report of William Pope Dabney in W. H. Dabney’s Sketch of the Dabneys of Virginia, but the lists of the children of the other Dabneys in Hanover County at the time are so much more detailed and specific that Cornelius III appears the most likely candidate for Cornelius IV’s father.
Cornelius III first appeared in the processioning records of St. Paul’s Parish as Cornelius Jr. in November, 1755. He was listed with neighbors who were in one of the two precincts where his father, Cornelius II, was listed for earlier processionings, indicating that he was probably occupying one of his father’s two farms. He continued to participate in processioning with the same neighbors in 1759 and 1763. In the Quit Rent Roll of 1763, he was listed with 150 acres. According to W. H. Dabney’s Sketch, he was also an inspector of tobacco at Page’s warehouse near Hanovertown. No other evidence for this claim has been found, and he may have been confused with his brother John, whose inspectorship is mentioned several times in the Journals of the House of Burgesses. He died between the 1763 processioning and the signing in October. 1764, of his father’s will, which mentions his death. 
Dabney, Cornelius III (I466)
45 Cornelius Dabney IV was probably born to Cornelius Dabney III and his unknown wife about 1742 in Hanover County, Virginia. The possibility that his father was William Dabney Cornelius III was a son of Cornellius II and a grandson of Cornelius I.
Cornelius married Mary (Molly) Lane about 1759. Cornelius and Mary lived in Hanover County until 1772, then moved to Bedford County. They had ten children, most or all born in Hanover County: George,born September 15, 1760; Benjamin, born abt 1761-1766; Charles, born abt 1763-1767; Cornelius, born about 1765-1773; John, born about 1767-1780; Nancy; Molly/Mary; Sarah; Anna; Agatha/Agnes.
Cornelius’ uncle, William Dabney, obtained a patent for 354 acres in Bedford County in 1765 and lived there for some years. He probably played a role in Cornelius’ decision to move from Hanover to Bedford. There is no evidence in the Bedford deed records that Cornelius bought any land in Bedford until June 27, 1791, a year before his death, On that date, he purchased 174 acres from a William Dabney of Guilford County, North Carolina, who may have been his uncle or a son of his uncle. It is likely that he was farming this land, perhaps with William at first and later on a lease from William. Comparison of the metes and bounds description of the patent and the later deed confirms that the 174 acres were part of the original patent. The fate of the other 180 acres in the original patent has not been found in the deed records.
Cornelius died at the age of 50/51 between May, 1792, when his will was signed and October of the same year when it was proved in court. He left all of his land, stock, and household goods to his wife, Mary, except for 55 acres that he had previously given to his eldest son, George. After her death, the remaining land was to be divided between his sons Cornelius and John and the stock and household goods to be divided among his sons Benjamin and Charles and daughters Sarah Pratt, Agatha Dabney, and Anna Dabney. Two other daughters, Nancy Overstreet and Molly Turner were given five shillings apiece, a token amount. He appointed his son George and William Hancock executors. 
Dabney, Cornelius IV (I779)
46 Cornelius Dabney of King William County was born to James and Ann (Sherwood) Dabney about 1690-98 in King and Queen County, later King William County. About 1720-25, he married Lucy Winston, the daughter of Isaac Winston Sr. and his wife, Sarah (Dabney) Winston, of neighboring Hanover County. Sarah Winston was a sister of James Dabney, so Lucy was Cornelius’ first cousin.
On May 17, 1732, William Winston of King and Queen County, Lucy’s brother, sold Cornelius for a token payment the tract of land that William and Lucy’s mother, Sarah (Dabney) Winston, patented in 1701 as the daughter of Cornelius Dabney I with her siblings, Dorothy, James, and George. The description in the deed of the boundary of the tract mentioned that Cornelius was the occupant of the adjoining tract patented in 1701 by James Dabney, which confirms that Cornelius was probably the son of James.
Cornelius and Lucy had two children: William, born about 1721-25, and Isaac, born after 1725 and probably deceased before or soon after reaching adulthood.
In 1724, Cornelius obtained a land grant for 400 acres on the north side of the South Anna River in what is now Louisa County and in 1729, he received a second grant of 400 acres adjoining the first grant. Cornelius’ son, William, inherited this property and left it in his will to be divided between his second and third sons, Richard and Owen. The patents were located on the north side of the Horseshoe Bend of the South Anna River about 5 miles northwest of Ashland in Hanover County.
Cornelius died before 1739, when he would have been about 36-44. Lucy remarried to William (or Williams) Coles after 1739 and before 1745, when Lucy and her second husband, William Coles, appeared in court in opposition to a petition asking the court to order the sale of 1 acre of the land of Lucy’s son, Isaac Dabney, to construct a mill.
William and Lucy Coles lived mostly in Hanover County, but may have lived for a while after their marriage on Lucy’s deceased husband’s farm in King William County. They had three children: Walter, died in April, 1769; Mary, died in February, 1808; and Lucy, who was born about 1741. William Coles emigrated to America from Ireland about 1739 and settled in Hanover County. He died about 1781 on his farm called Coles Hill in Hanover County.
Lucy (Winston) Dabney Coles died in 1784. Through her sister, Sarah Winston, who married first Col. John Syme, then John Henry, she was an aunt of Sarah’s son, Patrick Henry. Her daughter Mary Coles married John Payne. Their daughter Dolly Payne married James Madison, fourth President of the United States, who played a major role in the Constitutional Convention and has been called the father of the Constitution and of the Bill of Rights. 
Dabney, Cornelius (I79)
47 Cornelius Dabney was born to Cornelius and Elizabeth Smith (Winston) Dabney January 6, 1797, in Louisa County, Virginia.
He married Mary Eggleston Catlett January 28, 1819. They had four children who survived to adulthood: Ann Eliza, born about 1820, married William W. Jones before 1847; Cornelius T., born in 1823, married Mariah Louisa Wylie in 1844 in Caldwell County, Kentkucky; Charles C., who died as a young adult in early 1849 after a bitter lawsuit; and Caroline, born about 1830, married Thomas C. Baytop before 1870.
In the 1820 census, they were living in Goochland County and in 1830, in neighboring Louisa County. In 1820, Cornelius and Mary exchanged their interest in 199 acres occupied by Mary’s mother, Ann Catlett, to John Catlett of Gloucester County, Virginia, for a woman slave named Agnes. One witness of the deed was Henry Dabney, son of Richard Dabney of the Dorrell farm in King William County. In 1827, Cornelius sold his share in his father’s land to his brother, Albert G. Dabney, for $300.
On September 9, 1831, Cornelius sold his farm of 159 1/2 acres in Louisa County to Charles Nuckolls for $1,025 and moved to Christian County, Kentucky, where he purchased 103 acres on which he was taxed from 1833 to 1835). He then moved to neighboring Trigg County, where his brother Albert was living. He was listed in Trigg County without land in 1836.
In January, 1837, he and his son Charles moved back to Hanover County, Virginia, where he planned to open a store. However, he was in very poor health and lived with Nathaniel H. Wash, a nephew, for a few months and then died in June. Before his death, he arranged for Charles to live with Wash until he reached adulthood. He left a sum of money ($400-$900, according to different reports) for Charles’ care and education. Charles stayed with Wash for about three years, but then they had a falling out and Charles left, probably due to Wash’s harsh discipline. Charles went to the house of a neighbor, who advised him to go back, but Charles said he could not bear living with Wash and the neighbor said he could stay with him. Wash then went to the neighbor’s house and ordered Charles to return to his house and threatened him with a whipping. The neighbor said he would not allow it and would defend the lad, which ended the encounter.
It appears that Charles may have become obsessed with his grievance against Wash and about seven years later, in 1847, he sued Wash for the funds left with Wash for Charles’ care. After collecting numerous depositions, followed by court delays, Charles died about March or April, 1849, but that did not end the suit. Charles’ administrator continued the suit, at first in the interest of William W. and Ann (Dabney) Jones, Charles’ sister, then in the interest of his brother, Cornelius T. Dabney of Caldwell County, Kentucky. After many continuances, it was finally struck from the docket in 1861. 
Dabney, Cornelius (I167)
48 Cornelius Dabney was born to John and Anna (Harris) Dabney about 1758/59 in Hanover County, Virginia.
He moved to Caswell County, North Carolina, before 1786, when he was mentioned in the will of Tyree Harris as the husband of Tyree’s daughter Frances. W.. H. Miller’s History and Genealogies of The Families of Miller, Woods, Harris, Wallace, Maupin, Oldham, Kavanaugh, and Brown, an otherwise usually reliable source, mistakenly says Cornelius married Jane Harris. Cornelius and Frances had eight children: John B., born about 1787-90 in Caswell County, North Carolina, unmarried; Mary (Polly) born 1787-1790, married William Norton, who died berore 1830; Celia, born about 1787-1790, married first to Thomas Hale in 1810, second to Noah Lingard in 1816; Robert O., born abt 1789-1794; Eliza, born 1794, married Alfred D. Galloway; Carolyn E., born 1808/09, married Thomas Nowell; Frances, born 1800-1810, married John Mathes; Simpson Harrison, born 1810, married Mary Ann Adelaide LaRue.
From 1787 to 1791, four court records mentioned Cornelius as one of the executors of Tyree’s estate and trustee for Tyree’s children. In 1794, Cornelius was listed in court records as a buyer at two estate sales. In 1797, a court record of a sale of slaves mentioned that Cornelius Dabney had already left the state and Tyree Harris planned to do so soon.
When Cornelius left North Carolina, he moved to Robertson County, Tennessee. The Robertson County Treasurer listed Cornelius Dabney and 29 others who paid money to the county court or received money from it in 1797, In 1800, Cornelius obtained a grant of 640 acres in Sumner County, which adjoins Robertson County. In January, 1802, the Robertson County Sheriff sold 311 acres belonging to Cornelius Dabney near Drake’s Lick to satisfy a court Judgment to Joseph Dorris. In November, 1802 the sheriff of Wilson County sold 640 acres of Cornelius Dabney’s to satisfy a judgment to Blake Rutland and Ebenezer Donelson. In March, 1803, 640 acres on Drake’s Lick belonging to Cornelius Dabney were sold by the Robertson sheriff to satisfy a judgment to Samuel Wilson.
Cornelius and Frances moved from Robertson County to Rutherford County, Tennessee, before the 1810 census, which reported that they were over 45 with four sons and three daughters under 16. In February, 1810, their daughter Celia was married to Thomas Hale in Rutherford County. In 1812, Cornelius signed a petition from Rutherford County to the General Assembly asking for assistance to a destitute and injured victim of an Indian attack. In 1813, Cornelius and his wife sued John Medford and his wife in Rutherford County Court. In 1815, when Cornelius was about 56, he was sued in Rutherford County Court by Isham Medford in January and by John Medford in October.
Between 1815 and 1820, Cornelius died and Frances moved to Louisiana with her children. In the 1820 census, she was living in Ouachita Parish with two sons and two daughters, probably John B., Simpson, Frances, and Carolyn. Nearby were her son, Robert O. Dabney and his wife, and her daughter, Celia, with her husband, Noah Lingard. In the 1830 census, John B. Dabney was living in Chicot County in southeast Arkansas. In the 1840 census, John B. Dabney, still unmarried; his brother Simpson A. (or H.) Dabney; their sister. Eliza and her husband, Alfred D. Galloway; and their sister Carolyn.and her husband Thomas Nowell were living in Chicot County, Arkansas. Also living there was William C. Norton, whose age, 20-29, suggests he may have been a son of their sister Mary, who married William Norton.
Some genealogies on the internet have claimed that Cornelius died in the War of 1812. This is unlikely, partly because this researcher haa been unable to find any evidence of his service in the War of 1812 and partly because he was living when he was sued in October, 1815, in Rutherford County, Tennessee. The originator of this claim probably confused Cornelius’ parents, John Dabney of Hanover County, son of Cornelius Dabney II, with John Dabney, son of Cornelius Dabney III of Hanover County. This second John Dabney moved to Prince Edward County and had a son Cornelius who died in the War of 1812 (Sketch of the Dabneys of Virginia, p. 184). The confusion of the two men may have resulted partly from the fact that their wives were both named Anna or Ann. 
Dabney, Cornelius (I687)
49 Cornelius Dabney was born to William and Philadelphia (Gwathmey) Dabney June 7, 1756, in King William County, Virginia.
He married Elizabeth Smith Winston in 1783. She was born December 24, 1766, to Isaac Winston III and his wife, Elizabeth (Smith) Winston They had seven children: Isaac Winston, born July (or May) 11, 1787; Elizabeth Smith, born February 6, 1789; William Spotswood, born December 1, 1792; Martha (”Patsy”) Winston, born November 6, 1794; Cornelius, born January 6, 1797; Albert Gallatin, born November 23, 1799; and Maria Catherine, born December 27, 1805, died November 14, 1809.
Cornelius inherited two adjoining tracts totaling 352 acres in Louisa County on the south side of the South Anna River from his father, which were transferred to him by his eldest brother, Isaac, December 8, 1777. He first appeared in the early Louisa County tithable lists in 1772, when he was 16 with 350 acres, which could not be legally transferred to him until he was 21, but for which he was the responsible taxpayer. He was similarly listed through 1781, then in the Louisa County land tax lists from 1782 through 1800 (the latest surviving list) with 431-470 acres. Like most of his neighbors, he was a slave owner and from 1782-1800 was taxed on 9-31 slaves. He was executor for the estates of his brother, Owen, and nephew, William Dabney Jr., son of his brother, Isaac.
In 1814, Cornelius sold his share of a mill that he jointly owned with Benjamin Hope, known as the Dabney and Hopes mill, to Robert Lewis Dabney, a son of Samuel Dabney. The price given in the deed was only $1, but Robert gave two bonds to Cornelius for unspecified amounts payable January 1, 1815 and 1816 and signed a deed of trust conveying his mill share to trustees to guarantee payment of the bonds. In May, 1814, Benjamin Hope sold his share of the mill to Robert with a similar financial and legal arrangement. In June, 1816, Robert sold the mill to John Shelton, Sr. and in March, 1817, Cornelius Dabney and Benjamin Hope filed a legal acknowldgement that Robert had redeemed his bonds.
Cornelius died in 1821, aged about 65. His will was dated April 24, 1821 and proved in Louisa County Court December 10, 1821. He gave his wife all of the household furnishings, a gig, her choice of horses, all of the plantation utensils and stock, and any crop still in the ground. To each of his two daughters, Elizabeth S. Stewart and Martha (Patsy) Cooper, he gave a horse and saddle and the slaves that they had already received. To his four sons, Isaac W., William S., Cornelius, and Albert G., he gave the slaves and other property that they had already received. After his wife’s death, all of the slaves in her possession were to be divided equally among his six children and none of them to be sold. After her death, all of his land and any remaining property of his wife was to be sold and the proceeds divided equally among his children. He appointed as executors, Abraham Fontaine, William Miller, clerk of Goochland County Court, and Charles Attkisson. An appraisal of his personal property dated December 14, 1821, totalled $4,368, of which 10 adult and two child slaves constituted 82%. Cornelius’ 486 acre farm was sold in November, 1829, by Elizabeth and James Attkisson to John S. Woodson, for $2,745.90.
Elizabeth was probably the female resident aged 60-70 in the household of her son Cornelius Jr. in Louisa County in the 1830 census. Cornelius Jr. sold the 159 acres of his farm in September 1831 and moved to Kentucky, where he settled in Christian County. Elizabeth went to live with her widowed daughter, Martha Cooper, in Davidson County, North Carolina. Martha died in September, 1838, and her brother, Albert G. Dabney, traveled from Christian County, Kentucky, to North Carolina and brought his mother back to his home in Kentucky. She died January 11 1840, aged 73 years and 18 days, while visiting Albert Gallatin Meriwether in Hickman County, Kentucky. 
Dabney, Cornelius (I45)
50 Cornelius Dabney was born to William and Sarah (Gwathmey) Dabney in 1799/1800 in King William County, Virginia.
During the War of 1812, he served as an ensign with his brother, Mordecai B. Dabney, a private, and his cousin, Henry Dabney, a corporal, in a detachment of 46 men of the King William County militia under the command of Major Thomas Hill for a tour of duty of 17 days in December, 1814.
About 1814/15, he married Diana Dabney, who was born in 1799/1800 to William Dabney Jr., and Hannah Temple Dabney, a daughter of Richard Dabney. They were complexly interrelated because Diana’s parents were first cousins of each other and of Cornelius. They had five children who survived into adulthood: William Winston, born 1815/16, married Martha Ann Bosher September 21, 1837; Adeline (or Eliza Adeline), born 1819/20, married James Gwathmey White in December, 1839; Cornelius Hamilton, born 1825/26, married Lucy Ann Ellett December 23, 1846, in Hanover County; Bushrod W., born 1828/29, married Jane Mason Timberlake, a daughter of David and Elizabeth (Mason)Timberlake of Frederick County, Virginia, in November, 1855; and Robert A. E., born April, 1836, married Virginia H. Taylor in 1858/59.
Cornelius first appeared in the King William County personal property tax list in 1816 and continued with irregularly rising prosperity through 1842, the year before his death. He was listed in the land tax list from 1816 to 1823 with 69-243 acres, no land from 1824 through 1827, and from 1844 to his death in 1843/44 with 200 to 600 acres. After his death, his estate continued to be charged with 600 acres through 1863, when Diana died. In 1864, his land was charged to his eldest son, William Winston Dabney. As executor for John Cordwell, Cornelius sold Cordwell’s 205 acres to Presley Atkinson for $861 in 1822. He purchased 200 acres in 1828 and inherited 400 more from his mother in 1830. After his death, Diana was listed with the same acreage from 1844 to 1850, after which it was listed as Cornelius’ estate through 1863.
According to the evidence from the tax lists, Cornelius died in 1843 or early 1844, aged about 44. Diana received a life tenancy in his land and was appointed executor under his will. In the 1850 and 1860 censuses, she was living with her son William Winston Dabney,. She probably died in 1863/64 when Cornelius estate ceased to be listed in the land tax rolll, aged about 63/64. 
Dabney, Cornelius (I75)

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